Individuals clamour for meals within the metropolis of Rafah within the southern Gaza Strip. Persevering with airstrikes have been reported throughout Gaza final week and “intense floor battles” between Israeli forces and Palestinian fighters in refugee camps in central areas which have reportedly left many useless. Credit score: UNICEF/Abed Zagout
  • Opinion by Shihana Mohamed (the big apple)
  • Inter Press Service

As ugly because the conflict has been, the Israel-Hamas conflict has created a chance for the Israelis, Palestinians and the US in addition to for the peace-loving international, regional and native gamers to advance peace prospects for fixing the Israeli-Palestinian battle.

Of their open letter delivered to US President Joe Biden in mid-November 2023, The Elders, a world non-governmental organization of public figures based by Nelson Mandela, stated that, “You will have a historic alternative to assist finish the Israel-Palestine battle completely. As polarization will increase, the world wants you to set out a imaginative and prescient for peace. That imaginative and prescient should give hope to those that reject extremism and wish the violence to finish. We urge you to do two issues: set out a critical peace plan and assist construct a brand new coalition for peace to ship it.”

At this time there are three options to the Israel-Palestine battle. The Israelis and Palestinians can kill one another; they will separate by creating two separate nations; or they will create one nation made up of two folks.

On 1 November 2023, President Biden said that “when this crisis is over, there needs to be a imaginative and prescient of what comes subsequent, and in our view it needs to be a two-state answer,” making a sovereign Palestinian nation alongside the state of Israel.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas called on 8 December 2023 for a direct finish to the conflict in Gaza and a world peace convention to work out an enduring political answer resulting in the institution of a Palestinian state.

Presently, the one answer being mentioned in depth is a two-state answer. This answer is predicated on separating each folks into two separate and sovereign nations. The peace course of through the Clinton administration (“Oslo agreement”) and the Bush administration (“The Road Map”) was primarily based on this two-state answer, however led to complete failure. The Obama administration’s approach to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was the identical as previous US administrations, and that effort additionally didn’t come near bringing a couple of two-state answer. Maybe, what induced the failure of those peace talks stands out as the answer itself slightly than the concerned events.

The results of making two separate nations by dividing Israel and Palestine have been and nonetheless are troublesome to just accept for each Israelis and Palestinians. At the moment, the views have even additional modified with the continuing Israeli-Hamas conflict. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said during a press conference on 16 December 2023 that, he was “proud’ he had prevented the institution of a Palestinian state and took credit score for “placing brakes” on the Oslo peace course of.

From the perspective of many Israelis, the two-state answer is troublesome as a result of they must hand over their spiritual and historic attachments to the West Financial institution and Gaza which they name Judea and Samaria. From the perspective of the Palestinians, the two-state answer is troublesome as a result of they’ve historic, spiritual and emotional attachments not solely to the West Financial institution and Gaza however also to Israel which they name the lands of 1948 after the year they lost it to present day Israel. It’s a incontrovertible fact that each Israelis and Palestinians have spiritual, historic and emotional attachments to each sq. inch of the land that features Israel and Palestine.

In gentle of the attachments that each events have for a similar territory, the answer isn’t in separating however in coming nearer collectively. Many Israelis and Palestinians appear to agree that the land they name Israel/Palestine is indivisible.

Thus, the answer lies in protecting the land that Israelis and Palestinians name residence as one nation whereas on the similar time offering all sides with the safety and the individuality the events would have if they’d their very own separate nations.

Because the Palestinian and Israeli populations are so intermingled and about 1.8 million Palestinians live throughout Israel, the feasibility of a bi-national state, with the 2 peoples residing in a form of federation, appears workable. Given this “actuality” on the bottom, probably the most sensible answer appears to be a united democratic state providing equal citizenship for all: One Particular person, One Vote. Palestinians and Israelis can be in a unified state, counting on historic precedents like South Africa and Northern Eire.

Subsequently, a Two State-One Nation answer primarily based on equality, freedom and civil rights for each Israelis and Palestinians is probably the most sensible and appropriate strategy to resolve the battle between Palestine and Israel. The thought behind this answer is that there will likely be two sovereign states much like New York and New Jersey that collectively make one nation much like the US of America.

Nonetheless, slightly than being a federation it will be a confederation. The principle distinction between a federation and a confederation is that the states in a confederacy have way more sovereignty than in a federation.

The proposed Two State-One Nation answer must be negotiated by way of a “democratic” mannequin which makes use of public, multiparty negotiating boards to conduct negotiations. The one agency rule is that the discussion board will exclude any get together that has not ended or at the least suspended efforts to realize its political targets by way of violence. The “democrat” mannequin was used efficiently within the talks that introduced in regards to the finish of apartheid in South Africa in the early 1990s, and which ended the “troubles” in Northern Ireland in the late 1990s.

This answer will not be excellent. Nonetheless, this proposed answer stands out as the solely answer that can give the Palestinians and Israelis most of what they need whereas on the similar time permitting each folks to maintain their particular person identities and reside as one nation. The prospect of a unitary democratic state gives integration, safety, improvement and a mode of life way more conducive to the trendy world.

The delivery of the non-racial democracy in South Africa and the implementation of the ability sharing association in Northern Eire have strengthened the assumption that portioning isn’t the inevitable, nor essentially probably the most fascinating decision to the battle. Therefore, the proposed Two State-One Nation imaginative and prescient isn’t solely fascinating however an achievable answer to finish the battle between Palestine and Israel.

The technical know-how of Israel, the out there capital within the Arab world and a geography that’s on the intersection of three continents can produce an financial powerhouse that’s second to none on a per capita foundation. This answer will allow all folks within the Center East to take pleasure in peace, stability and full safety.

After all, it’s troublesome to see the potential of a Two State-One Nation answer now with the continuing Israel-Hamas conflict. Earlier than it occurs, many extra persons are going to be killed. However like each different conflict, this one will finish too.

And there can be a day after this conflict. So, it’s time to finish this century-old battle between the Palestinians and Israelis.

Shihana Mohamed, a Sri Lankan nationwide, is likely one of the Coordinators of the United Nations Asia Community for Variety and Inclusion and a Public Voices Fellow with The OpEd Challenge and Equality Now. She has performed in depth analysis on present points within the Center East.
The views expressed on this article characterize the private views of the creator.

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