ROGACA, Serbia (AP) — When Elena Koposova signed an open letter towards Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, she didn’t anticipate a backlash in her newly adopted house state of Serbia.

In spite of everything, Serbia is formally looking for to hitch the European Union whereas adopting all of the democratic values that associate with the membership, she thought. Now, she sees she was incorrect.

Two years after signing the letter, the 54-year-old Russian girl is interesting an expulsion order after she was declared a risk to the nationwide safety of Serbia and her residency allow was revoked. The beleaguered literature translator mentioned the one motive she may consider is the anti-war petition that she had signed.

“I’m not an activist, however I did signal an anti-war letter when the Russian aggression in Ukraine simply began,” she mentioned in an interview. “Even not being an activist, I couldn’t simply be quiet about it. So, I simply put my title on the open letter the place it was mentioned that the struggle is a criminal offense, and we should all unite to cease it.”

Koposova will not be alone. Serbia opened its borders in recent times to tens of 1000’s of Russians fleeing the federal government of President Vladimir Putin and the struggle in Ukraine. Russian pro-democracy activists within the Balkan nation now say a minimum of a dozen just lately confronted entry bans or had their residency permits revoked on grounds that they pose a risk to Serbia’s safety.

At the very least eight others are afraid to talk publicly about their authorized issues with the Serbian authorities, fearing it may solely jeopardize their probability of remaining within the nation along with their households, Russian anti-war campaigners say.

“It was very sudden, very stunning,” Koposova mentioned of the second she obtained the expulsion order, which didn’t clarify the explanation for the measure, solely declaring that she poses “a risk to nationwide safety” and that she should depart the nation inside 30 days.

She and her husband have constructed a contemporary home on a chunk of land in a distant village exterior Belgrade the place they dwell with two youngsters, ages 6 and 14, who’re attending native college and preschool courses.

Rights activists say the residency issues level to an in depth relation between Serbia’s more and more autocratic president, Aleksandar Vučić, and Putin, regardless of Serbia’s formal EU bid. Vučić has refused to hitch Western sanctions towards the normal Slavic ally whereas permitting Moscow propaganda shops comparable to RT and Sputnik to unfold their narrative all through the Balkans.

“The authorities in Belgrade and the authorities in Moscow are politically very shut,” mentioned Predrag Petrović, analysis coordinator on the Belgrade Centre for Safety Coverage, an impartial suppose tank that has sought an evidence from the Inside Ministry in regards to the measures towards the Russians.

“People who find themselves crucial of Putin’s regime current an enormous risk to the regime in Moscow,” Petrović mentioned. “This is the reason these persons are being focused by the Serbian authorities.”

Serbian officers up to now have not commented in regards to the reported instances involving Russian residents, and Serbia’s Inside Ministry hasn’t responded to an e mail from The Related Press requesting an interview or a touch upon the difficulty.

Because the struggle in Ukraine began two years in the past, many Russians got here to Serbia as a result of they do not want visas to enter the pleasant Balkan state, a possible stepping stone for attainable future emigration to the West. Many have been dodging the draft, whereas others, just like the Koposova household, who got here earlier, merely have been fed up with Putin’s authorities and sought a greater life someplace exterior of Russia.

Peter Nikitin, one of many founders of the pro-democracy Russian Democratic Society, himself spent two days at Belgrade airport final summer season when his entry allow was revoked, though he has a Serbian spouse and has lived in Serbia for seven years. Nikitin was later allowed into the nation, however a authorized process concerning his residency papers is ongoing.

“I’ve little doubt that that is being completed on direct orders from Russia, both by way of the embassy or instantly from Moscow,” insisted Nikitin, whose group has additionally organized protests towards the struggle in Ukraine and demonstrations demanding freedom for political prisoners together with Alexei Navalny, a Russian opposition chief and a Putin critic who died on Feb. 16 in an Arctic penal colony in Russia.

Nikitin mentioned different anti-war activists who confronted scrutiny by Serbian authorities embody fellow founding father of the RDS group, Vladimir Volokhonsky, who now lives in Germany.

Additionally underneath sanctions have been Yevgeny Irzhansky, who organized live shows by anti-Putin bands in Serbia and who has since moved to Argentina together with his spouse, and Ilya Zernov, a younger Russian who was banned from returning to Serbia after being attacked by a far-right Serbian nationalist when he tried to erase a wall portray calling for dying to Ukraine in downtown Belgrade.

Nikitin mentioned that the aim of those measures is to intimidate anti-war campaigners.

“The one clarification for that’s that they need to scare everybody,” he mentioned. “As a result of in the event you can’t signal an anti-war letter, then there’s actually nothing you are able to do. And it does have a chilling impact.”

“The purpose is the anti-war Russians aren’t protesting right here towards anybody in Serbia,” Nikitin mentioned. “We’re solely involved with our personal nation and with our neighboring nation, which is affected by our nation proper now.”

Serbia’s shut relations with Russia date again centuries and the 2 international locations additionally share a standard Slavic origin and Orthodox Christian faith. Russia has supported Serbia’s bid to retain its declare on Kosovo, a former province that declared independence in 2008 with Western backing.

Serbia and Russia additionally preserve shut hyperlinks between their safety companies.

Former Serbian state safety chief Aleksandar Vulin, who was sanctioned by the U.S. for aiding Russia’s “malign” affect within the Balkan area, just lately obtained a ornament from the Federal Safety Service of Russia for shut cooperation between the 2 spy businesses. Vulin reportedly was concerned in wiretapping distinguished Russian opposition activists who met in Belgrade on the eve of the struggle in Ukraine and who have been later jailed in Russia.

For Koposova, the choice by Serbian authorities to kick her in another country, implies that she and her household may lose all the pieces if her enchantment is rejected.

The household can’t return to Russia as a result of they’ve offered all their property, are actually labelled as anti-Putin and her husband could possibly be drafted into the military to combat in Ukraine, Koposova mentioned.

“This home is our solely home, the one home that our children have,” she mentioned, with tears in her eyes.


Observe AP’s Russia-Ukraine protection at

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